Located in the south-western side of the Pacific Ocean to the southeast of Australia, New Zealand is an island country. Besides the two main islands, the country also has several smaller islands.
Good maps of the country include details on both North and South Island of cities, roadways, parklands and geological features. Those visiting the country should carry a quality map with them and consult it even if someone else is handling the transportation.
Landscape and Geological Features
Aoraki or Mount Cook – The highest mountain in New Zealand, Aoraki stands at 3,754 meters above sea level. Located on South Island, the mountain is part of the Southern Alps.
Canterbury – The Canterbury Plains cover most of the eastern portion of South Island.
Coast – The islands have many kilometres of coastline. The coast has rocky shores, caves and beautiful beaches.
Fiords – On the south-west coast of South Island, the fiords are a wonderland of natural, picturesque scenery.
Lake Taupo – This large lake in the centre of North Island is located in a caldera that is an indention in the land caused by cave-ins following volcano eruptions.
Mount Ruapehu – At 2,797 metres, Mount Ruapehu is a stratovolcano that erupts from time to time. The mountain is located to the southwest of Lake Taupo about 40 kilometres.
Southern Alps – This mountain range stretches along the length of South Island.
Volcanoes – Numerous volcanoes cover the land of New Zealand’s islands. Many of these are active volcanoes.